Last edited by Bak
Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls and related hydrophobic chemicals in fish found in the catalog.

Bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls and related hydrophobic chemicals in fish

W. A. Bruggeman

Bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls and related hydrophobic chemicals in fish

by W. A. Bruggeman

  • 33 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by Rijkswaterstaat, Rijksinstituut voor Zuivering van Afvalwater, Offsetdrukkerij Kanters in Lelystad (Netherlands), Alblasserdam (Netherlands) .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls -- Bioaccumulation.,
  • Fishes -- Effect of chemicals on.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementdoor Willem Albert Bruggeman.
    ContributionsRijksinstituut voor Zuivering van Afvalwater.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination160 p. :
    Number of Pages160
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15552818M

      Predicting bioconcentration factors of highly hydrophobic chemicals: effects of molecular size. Pure Appl Chem. ; – Dimitrov S, Dimitrova N, Walker J, Veith G, Mekenyan OG. Bioconcentration potential predictions based on molecular attributes – an early warning approach for chemicals found in humans, birds, fish and wildlife. Phenanthrene, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon of medium lipophilicity (log K{sub ow} = ) was chosen as a model compound for investigating mechanisms of bioaccumulation of hydrophobic chemicals in microalgae and relations between expressed toxicity and bioaccumulation. {sup 14}C labelled phenanthrene was used for easy quantification of its .

    Ecological factors may play an important role in the bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Geochemical and bioaccumulation behavior of these chemicals also appears to be related to the presence of black carbon (BC) in . Uptake, accumulation, and elimination of hydrophobic organic chemicals in earthworms (Eisenia andrei) exposed to field‐contaminated Volgermeerpolder soil was studied Earthworms were able to take up chlorobenzenes and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), but body burdens did not exceed concentrations measured in the soil For the chlorobenzenes, steady state .

    Bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic compounds in aquatic biota: addressing current challenges for in tissue passive equilibrium sampling Poster (PDF Available) . @article{osti_, title = {Relation between water solubility, octanol/water partition coefficients, and bioconcentration of organic chemicals in fish: a review}, author = {van Gestel, C A and Otermann, K and Canton, J H}, abstractNote = {A survey was made of the literature describing relations between water solubility (S), the octanol-water partition coefficient (Poct), .


Share this book
You might also like
Harriet Tubman Guide to Freedom

Harriet Tubman Guide to Freedom

Evaluation report of the Family Planning/Community Based Rural Development Project in Koeyor and Bumbuna

Evaluation report of the Family Planning/Community Based Rural Development Project in Koeyor and Bumbuna

parish registers ... 1559-1726.

parish registers ... 1559-1726.

Thames flood prevention, Thames barrier project

Thames flood prevention, Thames barrier project

Comparative accounting and the drive for globalism

Comparative accounting and the drive for globalism

Victor Paul Wierwille and the Way International

Victor Paul Wierwille and the Way International

comparative limnochemistry of three southwestern Ohio lakes

comparative limnochemistry of three southwestern Ohio lakes

Governing by campaigning

Governing by campaigning

Noe, Lewis H., for the Relief of (H.R. 31344)

Noe, Lewis H., for the Relief of (H.R. 31344)

origins and development of labor economics

origins and development of labor economics

No turning back

No turning back

Salinity trends in the upper Colorado River basin upstream from the Grand Valley Salinity Control Unit, Colorado, 1986-2003

Salinity trends in the upper Colorado River basin upstream from the Grand Valley Salinity Control Unit, Colorado, 1986-2003

story of my parents, Warren Jacob Collins and Tolitha Eboline Valentine Collins

story of my parents, Warren Jacob Collins and Tolitha Eboline Valentine Collins

Computer network protocols and protocol proving

Computer network protocols and protocol proving

Warnings

Warnings

Health and Social Care Bill

Health and Social Care Bill

Caclulation of stress intensity factors in an isotropic multicracked plate.

Caclulation of stress intensity factors in an isotropic multicracked plate.

Bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls and related hydrophobic chemicals in fish by W. A. Bruggeman Download PDF EPUB FB2

Bioaccumulation is the process of a chemical moving from the external environment into the organism from all possible exposure routes (water, sediment, soil, air, or diet) and is expressed as a bioaccumulation factor (BAF). Bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms from water alone is measured as the bioconcentration factor (BCF) (USEPA, a,b).

@article{osti_, title = {Size-related bioconcentration kinetics of hydrophobic chemicals in fish}, author = {Sijm, D T.H.M. and Linde, A van der}, abstractNote = {Uptake and elimination of hydrophobic chemicals by fish can be regarded as passive diffusive transport processes.

Diffusion coefficients, lipid/water partitioning, diffusion pathlenghts, concentration gradients. A survey was made of the literature describing relations between water solubility (S), the octanol-water partition coefficient (P oct), and the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of organic on the relations between BCF and P oct it can be concluded that mostly BCF exceeds if log P oct is > 3.

In general the most reliable equation for predicting the BCF is Cited by:   Using chemical concentrations in water and sediment, the trophic transfer of hydrophobic organic chemicals to organisms including fish, benthos, macrophytes and aquatic plants was examined.

This relatively simple model has the advantage of enabling feeding interactions to be accounted for in the bioaccumulation by: Pilot scale validation of the river/fish bioaccumulation modeling program for nonpolar hydrophobic organic compounds using the model compounds 2,3,7,8-TCDD and 2,3,7,8-TCDF.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry14 (11), Ecological factors may play an important role in the bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Geochemical and bioaccumulation behavior of these chemicals also appears to be related to the presence of black carbon (BC) in sediment.

In situ PCB and PAH biota to sediment accumulation factors (BSAF) for benthic invertebrates, as. One of the most important concerns about marine microplastics is their role in delivery of chemical contaminants to biota. The contribution of microplastic ingestion to the overall uptake of five hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs) [α- β- and γ-hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB), and hexachlorobenzene (HeCB)] by fish.

In situ activated carbon (AC) amendment is a new direction in contaminated sediment management, yet its effectiveness and safety have never been tested on the level of entire food chains including fish.

Here we tested the effects of three different AC treatments on hydrophobic organic chemical (HOC) concentrations in pore water, benthic invertebrates, zooplankton, and fish.

Fish bioaccumulation markers may be applied in order to elucidate the aquatic behavior of environmental contaminants, as bioconcentrators to identify certain substances with low water levels and to assess exposure of aquatic organisms.

Since it is virtually impossible to predict the fate of xenobiotic substances with simple partitioning models. Bruggeman WA, Opperhuizen A, Wijbenga A, Hutzinger O () Bioaccumulation of super-lipophilic chemicals in fish.

Toxicol Environ Chem – CrossRef Google Scholar Carlberg GE, Martinsen K, Kringstad A, Gjessing E, Grande M, Källqvist T, Skåre JV () Investigation of the influence of aquatic humus on the bioavailability of. Such a model is first applied to the bioaccumulation of a series of hypothetical, non-biotransforming chemicals with log K OW (octanol–water partition ratio) values of 4 to 8 in 10 g fish ranging in lipid contents to deduce wet-weight and lipid normalized concentrations, bioaccumulation and biomagnification factors.

The sensitivity of. The chemical dietary absorption efficiency (E D) quantifies the amount of chemical absorbed by an organism relative to the amount of chemical an organism is exposed to following particular, E D can influence the extent of bioaccumulation and biomagnification for hydrophobic chemicals.

A new E D model is developed to quantify chemical process rates. In consequence the hydrophobic index HI = – in the soil decreases in the presence of earthworms and by C.

pepo toa condition that reduces soil adsorption and increases bioavailability and therefore bioaccumulation is enhanced in the plant.

Other data showed that the phytoextraction capacity of plants is related. Hydrophobic chemicals including polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) or polybrominated diethyl ethers (PBDEs), are known to concentrate in polymers such as polyvinylchloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS) or polyoxymethylene (POM), which is the basis of using the latter materials in passive sampling.

Opperhuizen A, Velde EW, Gobas FAPC, Llem DAK, Steen JMD () Relationship between bioconcentration in fish and steric factors of hydrophobic chemicals. Chemosphere – CrossRef Google Scholar. Bruggeman WA () Bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls and related hydrophobic chemicals in fish.

PhD Thesis, Univ of Amsterdam, RIZA, Lelystad, NL (). Google Scholar. The bioaccumulation criteria identified in the TSMP state that if the Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) or Bioaccumulation Factor (BAF) exceeds 5, or the logarithm of the octanol-water partition coefficient (log K ow) of the chemical substance exceeds 5, the bioaccumulation criterion is exceeded.

If the criteria for bioaccumulation, inherent. Enter search terms. Keep search filters New search. Advanced search.

@article{osti_, title = {Bioconcentration kinetics of hydrophobic chemicals in different densities of Chlorella pyrenoidosa}, author = {Sijm, D T.H.M.

and Broersen, K W and Roode, D.F. de and Mayer, P}, abstractNote = {Algal density-dependent bioconcentration factors and rate constants were determined for a series of hydrophobic compounds in Chlorella pyrenoidosa.

@article{osti_, title = {Bioaccumulation of hydrophobic chemicals in an agricultural food chain}, author = {McLachlan, M S}, abstractNote = {The concentrations of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and hexachlorobenzene were measured in an air-plant/soil-cow-human food chain in southern Germany.

The data were interpreted using the fugacity modeling concept. The journal Environmental Science & Technology selected the recently published paper on the role of microplastics in bioaccumulation of POPs by northern fulmars, as Editor's Choice.

This implies.Ecological factors may play an important role in the bioaccumulation of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Geochemical and bioaccumulation behavior of these chemicals.

Bioaccumulation, the accumulation of a chemical in an organism relative to its level in the ambient medium, is of major environmental concern.

Thus, monitoring chemical concentrations in biota are widely and increasingly used for assessing the chemical status of aquatic ecosystems. In this paper, various scientific and regulatory aspects of bioaccumulation .